The website defines a dead coin as comprising “a token or coin that has been abandoned, scammed, website dead, no nodes, wallet issues, no social updates, low volume or developers have walked away from the project.”
Two of the projects that died last year did so for the second time, with both Philosopher Stones and Scorecoin having launched in 2013 and failing the following year, before apparently resurrecting as a response to the 2017 bull market.
Coinopsy divides dead coins into four categories determined by whether a failed cryptocurrency comprised an initial coin offering, a joke, a scam, or an abandoned project.
The list predominantly comprises ICOs that either outright failed or comprised scams, such as Dimoncoin, a project that “had a loophole in the smart contracts that allowed the creator to mint unlimited tokens.”
The second largest category of cryptocurrencies that died during 2018 were projects that were abandoned by their developers, comprising 27 percent of the year’s death toll. A total of 73 altcoins were abandoned last year, including Rare Pepe Party, Masternode Community Coin, and India Coin.
20 percent of last year’s failed cryptocurrencies are suspected of comprising scams, with 55 projects accused of fraudulent activity.